The Fungal and Bacterial Rhizosphere Microbiome Associated With Grapevine Rootstock Genotypes in Mature and Young Vineyards.
Berlanas C, Berbegal M, Elena G, Laidani M, Cibriain JF, Sagües A, Gramaje D. Front Microbiol. 2019. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.01142.
COMMENT: Common grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is one of the most economically important fruit crop worldwide. This study characterized the rhizosphere microbial community composition across five commercial grapevine rootstock genotypes at two vineyards... + info
Candidate Phyla Radiation Roizmanbacteria From Hot Springs Have Novel and Unexpectedly Abundant CRISPR-Cas Systems.
Chen LX, Al-Shayeb B, Méheust R, Li WJ, Doudna JA, Banfield JF. Front Microbiol. 2019. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00928.
COMMENT: Using metagenomics sequencing the authors investigate CRISPR-Cas systems in Tibet hot springs, rich in genomes belonging to Candidate Phyla Radiation (CPR) taxa that have small genomes and rarely encode CRISPR-Cas systems for phage defense.... + info
Four-week administration of nicotine moderately impacts blood metabolic profile and gut microbiota in a diet-dependent manner.
Wang R, Li S, Jin L, Zhang W, Liu N, Wang H, Wang Z, Wei P, Li F, Yu J, Lu S, Chen Y, Li Z, Wu C. Biomed Pharmacother. May 2019.
COMMENT: In this work the authors analyze, in mice, the impact of nicotine on hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia and the changes that it induces on gut microbiome in 2 different scenarios: normal chow diet (NCD)- and high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice.... + info
Soil aggregate microbial communities: Towards understanding microbiome interactions at biologically relevant scales.
Wilpiszeski RL, Aufrecht JA, Retterer ST, Sullivan MB, Graham DE, Pierce EM, Zablocki OD, Palumbo AV, Elias DA. Appl Environ Microbiol. May 2019.
COMMENT: This article reviews the state of knowledge about soils’ geochemical properties and their relation to microbial communities. The works addresses main technologies and experimental approaches to study soils and their biological... + info
Kim SJ, Kim JG, Lee SH, Park SJ, Gwak JH, Jung MY, Chung WH, Yang EJ, Park J, Jung J, Hahn Y, Cho JC, Madsen EL, Rodriguez-Valera F, Hyun JH, Rhee SK. Microbiome. 02 2019. doi: 10.1186/s40168-019-0643-4.
COMMENT: This work describes a characterization of the bacterial composition at the Southern Ocean polynya. Researchers analyze bacterial populations both at the genomic and metatranscriptomic level, and get more knowledge about the metabolic potential... + info
Muscarella ME, Boot CM, Broeckling CD, Lennon JT. ISME J. May 2019. doi: 10.1038/s41396-019-0427-7.
COMMENT: This study tries to address whether and how heterogeneity of resources can affect the composition of bacterial communities in aquatic environments. + info
Liu J, Zheng Y, Lin H, Wang X, Li M, Liu Y, Yu M, Zhao M, Pedentchouk N, Lea-Smith DJ, Todd JD, Magill CR, Zhang WJ, Zhou S, Song D, Zhong H, Xin Y, Yu M, Tian J, Zhang XH. Microbiome. 04 2019. doi: 10.1186/s40168-019-0652-3.
COMMENT: This study sheds new light in the composition and environmental role of the microbial communities in the deepest ocean zones on earth. The results suggest that the bacterial communities found in this environment have a main role in alkane... + info