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July 2018

The intestinal barrier in multiple sclerosis: implications for pathophysiology and therapeutics.
24/08/2018
Publication

The intestinal barrier in multiple sclerosis: implications for pathophysiology and therapeutics.

Camara-Lemarroy CR, Metz L, Meddings JB, Sharkey KA, Wee Yong V.  Brain. Jul 2018. doi: 10.1093/brain/awy131.

COMMENT: This review is focused on the role that the gut microbiome and the intestinal barrier could play in the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis. In several works it has been reported that some gastrointestinal disorders with intestinal barrier... + info

Biochemical methane potential of microalgae biomass using different microbial inocula.
18/07/2018
Publication

Biochemical methane potential of microalgae biomass using different microbial inocula.

Gonzalez-Fernandez C, Barreiro-Vescovo S, de Godos I, Fernandez M, Zouhayr A, Ballesteros M.  Biotechnol Biofuels. 2018. doi: 10.1186/s13068-018-1188-7.

COMMENT: Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a proven technology for obtaining biogas via conversion of organic matter. Microalgae biomass is regarded as a potential feedstock for bioenergy purposes through AD. Even though AD is a well-proven technology,... + info

Reduced microbiome alpha diversity in young patients with ADHD.
17/07/2018
Publication

Reduced microbiome alpha diversity in young patients with ADHD.

Prehn-Kristensen A, Zimmermann A, Tittmann L, Lieb W, Schreiber S, Baving L, Fischer A.  PLoS One. 2018. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200728.

COMMENT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric diseases in childhood and adolescence. ADHD is characterized by symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity and attention problems. Due to recent... + info

The effect of the algal microbiome on industrial production of microalgae.
07/07/2018
Publication

The effect of the algal microbiome on industrial production of microalgae.

Lian J, Wijffels RH, Smidt H, Sipkema D.  Microb Biotechnol. Jul 2018. doi: 10.1111/1751-7915.13296.

COMMENT: Coexisting microorganisms, and predominantly bacteria, are often regarded as contaminants in algal production and research, but recent studies manifested that many algal symbionts not only promote algal growth but also offer advantages in... + info

Best practices for analysing microbiomes.
04/07/2018
Publication

Best practices for analysing microbiomes.

Knight R, Vrbanac A, Taylor BC, Aksenov A, Callewaert C, Debelius J, Gonzalez A, Kosciolek T, McCall LI, McDonald D, Melnik AV, Morton JT, Navas J, Quinn RA, Sanders JG, Swafford AD, Thompson LR, Tripathi A, Xu ZZ, Zaneveld JR, Zhu Q, Caporaso JG, Dorrestein PC.  Nat Rev Microbiol. Jul 2018. doi: 10.1038/s41579-018-0029-9.

COMMENT: In this review Knight and coworkers discuss how all stages of conducting a microbiome study, from designing the experiment to collecting and storing the samples to obtaining insight from graphical displays of the sequence data,... + info

Carcinogenesis as a Result of Multiple Inflammatory and Oxidative Hits: a Comprehensive Review from Tumor Microenvironment to Gut Microbiota.
02/07/2018
Publication

Carcinogenesis as a Result of Multiple Inflammatory and Oxidative Hits: a Comprehensive Review from Tumor Microenvironment to Gut Microbiota.

Morgillo F, Dallio M, Della Corte CM, Gravina AG, Viscardi G, Loguercio C, Ciardiello F, Federico A.  Neoplasia. Jul 2018.

COMMENT: In this review, Morgillo and coworkers analyze, from a particular perspective, the different ways to induce inflammation and oxidative stress in order to explain the mechanisms underlying the development of several cancers. Moreover,... + info

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