Shkoporov AN, Ryan FJ, Draper LA, Forde A, Stockdale SR, Daly KM, McDonnell SA, Nolan JA, Sutton TDS, Dalmasso M, McCann A, Ross RP, Hill C. Microbiome. 04 2018. doi: 10.1186/s40168-018-0446-z.
COMMENT: The results obtained in different studies about the human gut phageome have shown a high level of discrepancy. This is often due to differences in methodological aspects and highlights the need for a strict standardization in faecal... + info
Frąc M, Hannula SE, Bełka M, Jędryczka M. Front Microbiol. 2018. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00707.
COMMENT: Soil health is directly connected with the production of healthy food which impacts public and animal health. In this mini review Frąc and coworkers focuses on fungal biodiversity and its role in the health of managed soils as well as... + info
Mulders RJ, de Git KCG, Schéle E, Dickson SL, Sanz Y, Adan RAH. Obes Rev. Apr 2018. doi: 10.1111/obr.12661.
COMMENT: One popular theory for the diet-induced obesity pandemia, for which there is a considerable evidence base, implicates the composition of intestinal microbiota and its genome (microbiome) which are modifiable by the diet. ... + info
Hryckowian AJ, Van Treuren W, Smits SA, Davis NM, Gardner JO, Bouley DM, Sonnenburg JL. Nat Microbiol. Apr 2018. doi: 10.1038/s41564-018-0150-6.
COMMENT: In this work the authors show that microbiota-accessible carbohydrates (MACs) in the diet critically influence the Clostridium difficile infection. Using a mouse model of antibiotic-induced Clostridium difficile infeccion they demonstrate... + info
Drinking alcohol is associated with variation in the human oral microbiome in a large study of American adults.
Fan X, Peters BA, Jacobs EJ, Gapstur SM, Purdue MP, Freedman ND, Alekseyenko AV, Wu J, Yang L, Pei Z, Hayes RB, Ahn J. Microbiome. Apr 2018. doi: 10.1186/s40168-018-0448-x.
COMMENT: Several previous studies, in both animals and humans, have observed effects of alcohol consumption on oral bacteria. Dysbiosis of the oral microbiome can lead to local oral disease and potentially to cancers of the head, neck, and digestive... + info
Quantitative Assessment of Shotgun Metagenomics and 16S rDNA Amplicon Sequencing in the Study of Human Gut Microbiome.
Laudadio I, Fulci V, Palone F, Stronati L, Cucchiara S, Carissimi C. OMICS. Apr 2018. doi: 10.1089/omi.2018.0013.
COMMENT: + info
Michael R. Wilson, MD, MAS; Brian D. O’Donovan, MS; Jeffrey M. Gelfand, MD, MA; et al. JAMA Neurol. April 16, 2018.
COMMENT: The authors present a study of metagenomics NGS (mNGS) where they compare detected organisms in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of patients of noninfectious neuroimflammatory disorders with organisms detected in CSF samples of chronic... + info
Sinha M, Jupe J, Mack H, Coleman TP, Lawrence SM, Fraley SI. Clin Microbiol Rev. Apr 2018.
COMMENT: Sepsis is a serious and life-threatening clinical condition that generally results from a primary bacterial infection or, less frequently, from a fungal and/or viral infection. Rapid and accurate profiling of infection-causing pathogens remains... + info