The Impact of Dietary Fiber on Gut Microbiota in Host Health and Disease.
Makki K, Deehan EC, Walter J, Bäckhed F
Cell Host Microbe. Jun 2018
COMMENT: Diet is not only essential to maintain human growth, reproduction, and health, but it also modulates and supports the symbiotic microbial communities that colonize the digestive tract-the gut microbiota. Type, quality, and origin of our food shape our gut microbes and affect their composition and function, impacting host-microbe interactions.
In this review, Makki et al. focus how dietary fiber impacts gut microbial ecology, host physiology, and health by specifically focusing on mechanisms by which a low-fiber diet disrupts the microbial ecosystem and leads to a predisposition to chronic inflammatory diseases.
A better understanding of diet-microbiota interactions will help to develop a personalized nutrition approach that would target and reduce more efficiently the incidence of chronic inflammatory diseases.