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The gut microbiota at the intersection of diet and human health.

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PubMed ID: 30442802

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Gentile CL, Weir TL

Science. Nov 2018. doi: 10.1126/science.aau5812

COMMENT: There is a mutualistic relation between gut microbiome and diet. Diet affects the gut microbiome and bacteria from the microbiome participate in the digestion and absorption of nutrients from the diet affecting human health and phisiology. It has recently been proved the effects the diet has on the human health and physiology that are mediated by the alterations in the human gut microbiome.

This review article summarizes the current knowledge about the effects of the diet on the gut micriobiome and human health. It summarizes individually the effect of the different micro and macronutrients (Microbiota-accessible carbohydrates, proteins and dietary fats) and also the effect of certain dietary patterns and diets like the paleolithic or ketogenic ones.

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Marina Manrique