Probiotic roles of Lactobacillus sp. in swine: insights from gut microbiota.
Valeriano VD, Balolong MP, Kang DK
J Appl Microbiol. Mar 2017. doi: 10.1111/jam.13364
COMMENT: The influence of gut microbiome has been analysed extenseively in the past years. There is also increasing interest in analysin changes after probiotic or orebiotic administration.
In general, the impoirtance of Lactobacillus has been reported. In these review, the authors try:
To achieve the following: (i) to provide information regarding the role and dynamics of the Lactobacillus population in the swine GIT microbiota and its relation to overall health, (ii) to describe the mechanisms and effects of Lactobacillus administration in various applications in swine husbandry and (iii) to provide insights into Lactobacillus–swine host interactions by using available experimental and omics data to assess the probiotic potential of Lactobacillus sp. and their role in shaping the swine gut microbiota.
After discussing several important aspects as Probiotic adhesion, they conclude that:
The abundance of lactobacilli in the guts of various animals including pigs suggests broader applications for lactobacilli may be possible.
the similarity in the morphology, histology and transport physiology between humans and pigs, it has also been suggested that mechanistic studies in pigs provide a good model system for application to humans